Healthcare in Serbia

After the split of former Yugoslavia, Republic of Serbia, as well as other ex-Yugoslav countries, inherited the Bismarck healthcare system model. The healthcare system in Serbia is based on equal health coverage for all.

The Serbian healthcare system

The Serbian healthcare system is the climber of the year in the Serbia the Euro Health Consumer Index 2016. It consists of primary, secondary, and tertiary care centers. Most primary care centers provide services such as general medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, gynecology, preventative care, and laboratory services in an outpatient setting. However, larger clinics may also offer specialty services and public health care. Smaller primary health stations offer services further out into communities in addition to the larger care centers.

Primary health care, in primary health centres, is publicly provided by a chosen doctor. The doctor would be a medical doctor or a specialist in general medicine, occupational medicine, paediatrics, gynaecology etc.

All Serbian citizens have equal access to the healthcare, regardless of social status.


Although the public health care system is underfunded, the health care standards in Serbia maintain a high level due to the highly educated medical staff. In addition to that, there are a number of private offices and hospitals that are self-funded. With some of the best doctors in the country operating top of the range equipment.

Public healthcare in Serbia

Public healthcare in Serbia is available to all citizens and registered long-term residents. Foreigners should ensure they have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the costs of medical treatments.

Medications in Serbia, for the most part, can be obtained without prescriptions. This excludes antibiotics and any potentially abusive medicines.

Foreign citizens, permanently residing or temporarily staying in the Republic of Serbia, or passing through the territory of the republic. Have a right to healthcare in accordance with the Health protection in international agreements.

Foreigners, who are eligible to acquire the properties insured in accordance with the governing law, exercise mandatory health care in accordance with these regulations.

Healthcare is provided to foreigners in the same way as it is provided for Serbian citizens. Public and private healthcare practitioners, are obliged to parties of immediate medical attention.

Foreigners need to bear their own costs for emergency medical assistance, as well as for other types of health services. These are provided on request. Foreigners must pay a fee to cover the cost of the healthcare facilities, or to a private practice, for the use of their health services.