Serbia is a continental country in Eastern Europe which covers a large part of Balkans and a smaller part of Pannonian Plain. The capital of Serbia is Belgrade with about 1,6 million citizens.
Serbia is bordered by Hungary at north, by Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina at west, by Montenegro, Albania and Macedonia at south and by Romania and Bulgaria at east.
Serbia is a member of the UN, CoE, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, and CEFTA and is also a EU membership candidate.
The climate of Serbia is under the influences of the landmass of Eurasia and Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Mean temperature in January is often around 0 °C (32 °F), while mean July temperature is about 22 °C (72 °F). The climate is more continental at the north with cold winters and hot and humid summers while the summers and autumns at the south tend to be more dry. The mountains are usually covered with snow.
The average annual air temperature for the area with an altitude of up to 300 m (984 ft) is 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). The areas with an altitude of 300 to 500 m (984 to 1,640 ft) have an average annual temperature of around 10.0 °C (50.0 °F), and over 1,000 m (3,281 ft) of altitude around 6.0 °C (42.8 °F).
Although it is not a mass-tourism destination, Serbia has many touristic locations to offer.
The largest part of tourism is focused on the mountains and spas, which are mostly visited by domestic tourists, while Belgrade and Novi Sad in a lesser degree represent a preferred choice among foreign tourists. The most famous mountain resorts are Kopaonik, Stara Planina, and Zlatibor. There are also many spas in Serbia, the biggest of which is Vrnjačka Banja, Soko Banja, and Banja Koviljača.
Many tourists like seeing Christian Orthodox monasteries across the country.
Serbia has four cultural monuments inscribed in the list of UNESCO World Heritage:
- Early medieval capital Stari Ras and the 13th-century monastery Sopoćani;
- 12th-century Studenica monastery;
- Roman complex of Gamzigrad–Felix Romuliana;
- Endangered Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (comprising the monasteries of Visoki Dečani, Our Lady of Ljeviš, Gračanica and Patriarchate of Peć).
Serbia is also the center of popular music festivals including EXIT (about 25.000-30.000 foreign visitors) and the Guča trumpet festival.