Belgrade is the capital and also the largest city in Serbia. The name litteraly translates to „White city“. Belgrade is located at the confluence of rivers Sava and Danube.
The history of Belgrade dates back to at least 7000 BC. One of the largest prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved from the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city, naming it Singidūn. It was conquered by the Romans during the reign of Augustus, and awarded city rights in the mid 2nd century.
It was settled by the Slavs in the 520s, and changed hands several times before it became the capital of King Stephen Dragutin (1282–1316). In 1521 Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of a sanjak. It frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841. The north of Belgrade remained an Habsburg outpost until 1918, when it was merged into the capital city. As a strategic location, the city was battled over in 115 wars and razed to the ground 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia (in various forms of governments) from its creation in 1918, to its final dissolution in 2006.
Belgrade lies in the humid subtropical climate zone, with four seasons and uniformly spread precipitation. Monthly averages range from 1.4 °C (34.5 °F) in January to 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) in July, with an annual mean temperature of 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). There are, on average, 31 days a year when the temperature is above 30 °C, and 95 days when the temperature is above 25 °C. Belgrade receives about 690 millimetres (27 in) of precipitation a year, with late spring being wettest. The average annual number of sunny hours is 2,112.
There is a lot of attractions to see in Belgrade including Kalemegdan – Belgrade Fortress (once an important military fortification which now serves as the central park of Belgrade. It also includes the Belgrade Zoo), The Old Royal Palace at Nikola Pasic Square (built in 1881, served as a residence of Serbian kings, and now it is being used as the Town Hall), The White Palace (part of the Royal Compound, a real estate of royal residences and parklands located in Dedinje, an exclusive area of Belgrade), The New Palace (built between 1911 and 1922 as the residence of King Petar I Karađorđević. Today is the official seat of the President of the Republic of Serbia), The National Assembly of Serbia and many others.
Belgrade is also a place where you can see many churches and monasteries including Saint Sava Temple (the largest Orthodox church in Serbia, and one of the biggest Orthodox churches in the whole world), Belgrade Cathedral (dedicated to Saint Archangel Michael), St. Mark’s Church and many others.
If you are fond of museums, you should visit The National Museum of Serbia, Gallery of Frescoes of the National Museum, Historical Museum of Serbia, Ethnographic Museum, Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church, Nikola Tesla Museum, Tito’s Mausoleum and the Museum of the History of Yugoslavia, Aeronautical Museum and others.