Novi Sad is the largest city in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and the second largest city in Serbia. It is also the administrative seat of the South Bačka District. It is located at the border of Bačka and Srem on the banks of river Danube in the Pannonian Plains. Novi Sad means „New Garden“ in Serbian.
Novi Sad alone has a population of about 250.000 people, while the administrative area of Novi Sad has a population of about 340.000 people.
Novi Sad was founded in 1694, when Serb merchants formed a colony across the Danube from the Petrovaradin fortress, a Habsburg strategic military post. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it became an important trading and manufacturing centre, as well as a centre of Serbian culture of that period, earning the nickname of the Serbian Athens. The city was heavily devastated in the 1848 Revolution, but it was subsequently restored. Today, Novi Sad is an industrial and financial center of the Serbian economy, as well as a major cultural center.
Novi Sad has a temperate continental climate, with four seasons. Autumn is longer than spring, with long sunny and warm periods. Winter is not so severe, with an average of 22 days of complete sub-zero temperature, and averages 25 days of snowfall. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of −1.9 °C (28.6 °F). Spring is usually short and rainy, while summer arrives abruptly.
There are numerous attractions to see in Novi Sad. Since Novi Sad has been destroyed during the revolution in 1849., most structures in the center of the city are from 19th century.
There are many religious objects in Novi Sad, most of them Christian (Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Greek-Catholic), although there is also a Jewish synagogue.
The most popular church in Novi Sad is The Name of Mary Church (a Roman Catholic parish church) and it is located at the Liberty Square. Locals often call it the „cathedral“.
One of the symbols of Novi Sad is the Fortress of Petrovaradin. A nice panoramic view of Novi Sad and the river Danube can be seen from the top of this fortress. Most foreigners know of this fortress because it is also the place of the famous musical festival EXIT.
There is also many museums and galleries in Novi Sad, including the Museum of Vojvodina, Novi Sad City Museum, Gallery of Matica srpska and others.